- 25 June 2013
Hundreds of Press Publishers and their Trade Associations call on EC Vice President Joaquin Almunia to reject Google's draft remedies as incapable of restoring competition in web search and search advertising
(European Commission's Competition Investigation of GOOGLE - AT.39.740)
Brussels, 25 June 2013 - In an unprecedented move of solidarity, hundreds of Europe's leading publishers and their trade associations at European and National level have joined together in an informal coalition to call on European Commission Vice President Joaquín Almunia to reject outright the package of draft measures offered by Google on 25 April this year to end their abusive practices.
Speaking on behalf of the informal press publishers' coalition, the President of the complainant VDZ (German magazine publishers' association), Prof. Dr. Hubert Burda, states: "If Google does not come up with fundamentally improved proposals very soon, we call on the Commission to use its full legal powers, including an immediate Statement of Objections with effective remedies. Fair and non-discriminatory search with equal criteria for all websites is an essential prerequisite for the prosperous development of the European media and technology sector."
The President of complainant BDZV (Federation of German newspaper publishers), Helmut Heinen, underlines: "As a minimum requirement, Google must hold all services, including its own, to exactly the same standards, using exactly the same crawling, indexing, ranking, display, and penalty algorithms. Google must not use third party content beyond what is truly indispensable for navigation purposes in the horizontal search without prior consent."
Complainants and interested parties were invited by the Commission to "market test" Google's proposed remedies by 27th June. Based on the outcome, the Commission may decide whether or not to accept Google's offer and make the commitments binding on Google, thereby closing the investigation without a prohibition decision or a fine.
The Commission is acting because it believes Google's actions create "potential harm to consumers in terms of reduced choice, quality and innovation." In addition, the Commission stated that intervention is critical now so that Google's dominant position in web search of over 90% does not preclude the possibility of entry for other competitors in neighbouring markets.
The President of the Spanish complainant AEDE (Spanish association of daily newspaper publishers), Luis Enríquez, states: "In short, Google's proposed remedies do not address the overarching problems and fundamental harms that Google's conduct causes in search- related markets and none of them aims at restoring effective competition. Instead, the proposed remedies place minor constraints on Google that would, at best, modestly alter its behaviour but which in practice have no effect on the structure of the market. In some ways, they might actually make matters worse by entrenching dominance and misleading consumers. Hence, we all believe that more effective remedies including structural measures are justified and necessary as a means to restore the dysfunctional market to competition."
Google is proposing several commitments to bring the investigation to an end. In particular, to label their own preferred links to its own sites in search results. Publishers say that this will mislead consumers into thinking these were somehow tailor made results to their search queries and interests, thereby causing even greater harm to competition.
Google will also provide website operators with the option to block their websites from access by Google, which is no option at all for publishers given Google is now super- dominant and the de-facto gateway to the internet. Press publishers' concerns are increased by the fact that queries entered by European users on Google.com, Google Chrome, Voice Search, or Google search engines integrated on other sites are excluded from the proposed remedies.
A detailed paper explaining the adverse effects of Google's practices is available here and an Executive Summary is attached together with a list of supporting organisations.
The informal coalition consists of the formal complainants from the press sector Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger (BDZV), Verband Deutscher Zeitschriftenverleger (VDZ), Asociación Editores de Diarios Españoles (AEDE) and their European Associations and its respective members European Magazine Media Association (EMMA), European Newspaper Publishers' Association (ENPA), European Publishers Council (EPC) and Online Publishers Association Europe (OPA Europe).
Additional signatories are: Aikakausmedia / Aikakauslehtien (AKM), Association luxembourgeoise des éditeurs de journaux (AL), Asociación de Revistas de Información (ARI), Czech Publishers' Association (CPA), Federazione Italiana Editori Giornali (FIEG), Mediebedriftenes Landsforening, National Newspapers Of Ireland (NN), The Newspaper Society (NS), NDP Nieuwsmedia (NDP), Polish Chamber of Press Publishers (WP), Professional Publishers Association (PPA), Sanomalehtien Liitto (SL), Sveriges Tidskrifter (SMPA), The Swedish Media Publishers' Association (TU), Union des Editeurs de la Presse Périodique (UPP), SCHWEIZER MEDIEN, Austrian Newspaper Association (VÖZ)
For further information please contact the coalition representatives:
- BDZV: Helmut Verdenhalven, , +49 30 7262 98203
- VDZ: Christoph Fiedler, , +49 307 262 98120
- AEDE: Irene Lanzaco, , +34 91 425 10 85
- EMMA: Max von Abendroth, ; +32 2 536 06 04
- ENPA: Sophie Scrive; ; +32 2 551 01 97
- EPC: Angela Mills-Wade, , +32 2 231 1299
- OPA Europe: Alice Grevet, , +33 1 601 150 89
The European Commission is acting because it believes Google's actions create "potential harm to consumers in terms of reduced choice, quality and innovation" and has stated that intervention is critical now so that Google's dominant position in web search of over 90% does not preclude the possibility of entry for other competitors. Preliminary findings by the Commission show that:
- Google is dominant in web search and search advertising in the European Economic Area (EEA), with a durable market share well above 90% in web search in most European countries characterised by significant barriers to entry and network effects meaning it is unlikely that another web search service could replace Google.
- Google promotes its specialised search services in a way that "unduly diverts traffic away from Google's competitors in specialized search towards Google's own specialized search services."
- Google has abused its market dominance in particular through the preferential treatment of own services and the unauthorised use of third party content such as reviews or news.
Executive Summary of joint position paper:
Complainants and interested parties were invited by the Commission to "market test" Google's proposed remedies (published 25 April) by the 27th June so that the Commission may decide whether or not to accept their offer and make the commitments binding on Google thereby closing the investigation without a prohibition decision or a fine.
Google's proposals are clearly ineffective and it is difficult to see how they could be improved to a point at which they suffice to end search manipulation and content theft and restore competition.
- The proposals manifest Google's preferential ranking and visual highlighting of own services rather than excluding such mechanisms.
- The proposed labelling solution will, if anything, lead to more clicks to Google's services.
- Paid Rival Links provide Google with an additional tool to further strengthen its dominance.
- Google will still be free to use valuable third party content widely and without consent.
- The proposed options to block Google's use of content make websites virtually invisible.
- The proposals do nothing to promote competition in online search or ancillary markets.
The undersigning associations request the Commission to refrain from accepting Google's current proposals or any altered commitments that do not achieve the following minimum requirements:
- Equal search and display criteria for all websites, including Google's own services = holding all services, including its own, to exactly the same standards, using the same crawling, indexing, ranking, display, and penalty algorithms;
- No use of content from press publishers (newspapers and magazine publishers) beyond what is truly indispensable for navigation purposes in the horizontal search without prior consent;
- An option to mark information on a webpage in a machine-readable way in order to express permissions and restrictions for use of that respective content;
- No direct or indirect punishment of websites that restrict the use of their content; • No preferential treatment of news aggregators towards online press portals.
The Commission has been negotiating a settlement with Google since May 2012. Considering the result so far, unless Google comes up with new commitments that fulfil the criteria set out above very soon, we expect the Commission to issue a statement of objections immediately.
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